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Ingredients Glossary

Click to view ingredients: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9



cetyl dimethicone

cetyl dimethicone is a synthetic silicon-based polymer. It is used as an antifoaming agent, skin-conditioning agent , and an emollient.

1,2-hexanediol,

1,2-hexanediol, is a highly effective and mild coupling agent and humectant. It is especially useful when bonding silicone products and can be used at lower concentrations than many other coupling agents, therefore reducing its irritation likeliness

3 - Diol

3-diol. This synthetic chemical may be a by-product of manufacture rather than an added ingredient and can be found particularly in cheap imported brands ? especially shampoo and conditioner.

Acrylates/ Steareth-20 Methacrylate Copolymer

This is a synthetic product considered safe for use in cosmetics based on an assumption of low skin absorption. It is derived form petroleum and is used as an antistatic agent and binding agent.

Aerobic oxygen

Aerobic Oxygen is a safe, non-toxic stabilized liquid concentrate of electrolytes of oxygen, it allows water to be stored for long periods of time, acting as a preservative and has antimicrobial and antibacterial properties.

Aesulus Hippocastanum

Horse Chestnut extract

Alcohol

Alcohol is a very drying and irritating solvent and dehydrator that strips your skin's moisture and natural immune barrier, making you more vulnerable to bacteria, moulds and viruses. It is found in many skin and hair products, fragrance, and antibacterial hand washes.

Alcohol Denat

Denatured alcohol. Alcohol, a very drying and irritating solvent and dehydrator that strips your skin's moisture and natural immune barrier, making you more vulnerable to bacteria, moulds and viruses. It is found in many skin and hair products, fragrance, and antibacterial hand washes.

Algin

Algin is a gelatinous substance produced by brown algae, and is often used in food and pharmaceutical preparations. Algin offers especially good protection from many kinds of modern day pollutants, carcinogens, and toxins. Algin prevents living tissue from absorbing radioactive materials.

Allantoin

Allantoin is a healing, moisturizing, soothing and anti-irritating, keratolytic and non-toxic agent useful in dermatological and cosmetic preparations. Allantoin is a valuable cell-proliferating healing agent which stimulates healthy tissue formation. It has a pronounced keratolytic and skin softening action, acting as chemical debrider of necrotic and scaling tissue, cleasing up the areas where applied. Allantoin is effective at quite low concentrations, 0.1% up to 2%.?

Almond oil

Almond oil. An excellent emollient for the skin, especially good for dry mature skin. Some people are allergic to almond oil and should avoid products with this ingredient.

Aloe Barbadensis

The latin name for the Aloe plant. It rehydrates and softens the skin and helps soothe irritated or sensitive areas.

Aloe barbadensis Gel

Aloe barbadensis Gel - stabilized Aloe Vera Gel

Althaea officinalis (marshmallow extract)

Marshmallow extract

Alumina

Alumina is a synthetically produced aluminium-oxide, derived from bauxite, a naturallly occuring ore. It is used as an abrasive, a thickening agent, and an absorbent in cosmetics.

Aluminium Alum

Aluminium alum is a safe and effective alternative to aluminum. Alum, a class of mineral salts that includes potassium alum, aluminum ammonium and potassium sulfate, works by leaving a layer of salt on the skin to inhibit bacterial growth.

Aluminium Starch Octenylsuccinate

aluminium starch octenylsuccinate, a natural polymer, which gives a soft, velvety feel and leaves a soft and dry matt finish

Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/VP Copolymer

Used as a thickener

Ammonium Alum

Ammonium Alum is a naturally occuring crystal which has many uses including in water purification,and in natural deodorants.

Ammonium Laureth Sulphate

Ammonium Laureth Sulphate is used as a detergent, surfactant, and foaming agent. It is derived from plant (coconut, palm) or animal sources.

Ammonium Lauryl Sulphate

Ammonium Lauryl Sulphate is used as a detergent, surfactant, and foaming agent. It is derived from plant (coconut, palm) or animal sources.

Amyl Cinnamal

Amyl Cinnamal - used to add fragrance to a product. It has a floral scent reminiscent of jasmine

Antistatic agent

This is an ingredient which will help prevent the build-up of static electricity. They are often cationic surfactants, which means they will cling to surfaces and carry a positive electrical charge, which will neutralise or carry away the unwanted static electricity.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Used for its acidity regulation and astringent properties

Apricot kernel oil

Essential oil made from the apricot kernel

Aqua

Water, as this usually appears at the top of the list of ingredients, as it forms the major part of most toiletries.

Ascorbic Acid

Vitamin C. May be prepared synthetically or extracted from various plants products. Used as an antioxidant or for pH control.

Ascorbyl Palmitate

A salt of ascorbic acid used as a preservative and antioxidant it is a semisynthetic compound.

avobenzone

avobenzone is a synthetic sunscreen ingredient that can protect against the entire range of the sun�s UVA rays. It has been used since 1981 and is the most-used sunscreen ingredient in the world.

Avocado Oil

Avocado oil, a nutritious oil having restorative and balancing properties for both dry nad oily skin.

Bee Propolis

Propolis is a form of resin which is collected by bees from bark and tree leaves. When combined by the worker bee with pollen, nectar and wax, it forms the 'sticky' substance termed 'propolis'. Bee Propolis contains all the known vitamins except for vitamin K, and has fourteen of the 15 minerals that the human body requires for normal function. It is one of nature's most powerful antibiotics, it can help fight infections, regulate hormones, and stimulate the immune system..

Beeswax

Beeswax is a product of the honeycomb, and can be very beneficial when applied to the skin. It locks in moisture, allowing the skin to remain hydrated.

Behenyl Alcohol

Behenyl alcohol is a saturated fatty alcohol as an emollient, emulsifier, and thickener. It is a naturally sourced vegetable long chained fatty alcohol.

Benzoic acid

Synthetic compound, used as a preservative

Benzoin essential oil

Benzoin oil is extracted from resin of the Styrax Benzoin tree. It is very useful in cosmetics as it boosts the skin's elasticity, while calming redness, itchiness and irritation.

Benzyl Alcohol

This is a synthetic alcohol derived from petroleum or coal tar. A clear, colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. It features also good solvency, low toxicity and low vapor pressure. It is used as a general solvent as it is a good degreasing agent in. Its applications include many pharmaceutical preparations and bacteriostatic compounds. It is used as a Preservative / Solvent / Fragrance.

Benzyl Benzoate

Benzyl benzoate is used as an inhibitor of microbial growth and to extend shelf life of products. It can possibly cause skin irritation to sensitive skins.

Benzyl Salicylate

Benzyl Salicylate is a mild balsamic note possessing excellent blending capabilities. Often used as the foundation for heavy florals such as ylang, gardenia, etc.

Beta Carotene (Provitamin A)

Beta Carotene are orange colored plant pigments, used by the body in the manufacture of vitamin A. Used in cosmetics mainly as a colouring.

BHA

Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is a phenolic compound that is often added to products as a preservative

Binding agent

This a substance which is added to a product to help hold the mixture together, this will give it solidity and also help the product spread and stay on the skin.

Birch Extract

Birch extract contains compounds created from the birch tree, called betulin and betulinic acid. These inhibit the growth of melanoma cells and can provide therapeutic benefits to the skin.

Bis-PEG/PPG-20/20 dimethicone

This is an emollient, which is added to cosmetic products to help soften, smooth or lubricate the skin

Bisabolol

Bisabolol. It is a clear, colorless to slightly yellowish liquid, with a faint, floral, sweetish odor. It can be extracted naturally from the Chamomile plant, or may be produced synthetically. It can help accelerate the healing process of the skin, and is used confidently on sensitive skins. It has anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory properties and also contains anti-bacterial as well as anti-mycotic properties.

Bladderwrack Extract

Bladderwrack Extract - High in iodine that helps to act as a natural diuretic, stimulates the thyroid gland, removes accumulation of fat, decongestant, stimulant and emollient known for softening, soothing and toning properties

borago officinalis (borage oil)

borago officinalis (borage oil) is extracted from the seeds of the borage plant. It is known to have anti-inflammatory properties

Boswellia Thurifera essential oil

Boswellia Thurifera is a genus of trees known for their fragrant resin which has many pharmacological uses particularly as anti-inflamatories. The Biblical incense frankincense was probably an extract from the resin of the tree, Boswellia sacra. Frankincense oil is said to help rejuvenate an ageing skin, is a skin tonic and is effective with sores, carbuncles, wounds, scars and skin inflammation.

Brassica Campestris (rapeseed oil)

Derived from rapeseed

Butylene Glycol

Propylene Glycol (PG) and Butylene Glycol: gaseous hydrocarbons, which in a liquid state act as surfactants (wetting agents and solvents). They easily penetrate the skin and can weaken protein and cellular structure. Commonly used to make extracts from herbs. PG is strong enough to remove barnacles from boats! Because PG penetrates the skin so quickly, the EPA warns against skin contact to prevent consequences such as brain, liver, and kidney abnormalities. But there isn't even a warning label on products such as deodorant sticks, where the concentration is greater than in most industrial applications.

butyloctyl salicylate

butyloctyl salicylate is obtained from the bark of willow trees and is used in many cosmetics and personal care products including moisturizers, skin cleansing products, shampoos, as well as skin care, hair care, suntan and sunscreen products, as well as in mouthwashes and dentifrices.

Butylparaben

Butylparaben: Used as an inhibitor of microbial growth and to extend shelf life of products. This comes from the combination of denatured wood alcohol and benzoic acid. Benzoic acid occurs naturally in cherry bark, raspberries, tea, anise and cassia bark. It is one of the most commonly used preservative in cosmetics since it is stable at most pH levels, it is broad spectrum and water soluble. May cause those with a skin sensitivity problems.

Butylphenyl Methylpropional

Butylphenyl Methylpropional - is used in cosmetic products to provide a floral aroma

Butyrospermum Parkii

Shea Butter - the oily qualities improve skin softness and suppleness which make it ideal for dry or sensitive skin care, winter sports products, and for body lotions and hand care products.

Buxus Chinensis

Jojoba Oil is a liquid wax produced from the seed of the Jojoba simmondsia chinensis shrub. Usually, it is pressed but can be solvent extracted. Jojoba Oil is naturally moisturiser.

C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate

C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate is a mixture of synthetic compounds and is used as an emollient, moisturiser and preservative. Not known to have any toxic side-effects.

C13-14 Isoparaffin

C13-14 Isoparaffin is used as a thickener or gelling agent. It is a mixture of hydrocarbons (mineral oils) derived from petroleum.

Calcium Sulfate

Calcium sulfate is a naturally occuring white salt

Calendula Officinalis

Calendula (marigold) extract, used as an emollient or moisturiser. It is soothing and calming for irritated skin conditions.

camelina oil (camelina sativa)

camelina oil (camelina sativa) - contains over 50% polyunsaturated fats. It is especially high in the essential fatty acids linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid, both which cannot be manufactured by the body. Camelina oil is over 10 times higher in these acids than many other vegetable oils commonly available. It is nourishing and helps to heal and treat skin conditions such as exzema and psoriasis. The essential fatty acids contained in Camelina oil help to repair cells and improve the elasticity of skin. It is especialy useful in skin care formulations for maturing or sensitive skin. It provides a protective coating for hair follicles and is a beneficial oil to add to hair care formulations. Its high content of natural tocopherols gives it a very stable shelf life against oxidation.

Camellia Oil

Camellia Oil. It is an excellent emollient. It has a pleasant non-greasy feel on the skin. It has strong anti-oxident properties.

Cananga odorata

Cananga odorata - Ylang-ylang. essential oil produced from the plant.

Cananga Odorata / Ylang-Ylang oil

Essential oil from the ylang-ylang plant. This extremely fragrant essential oil has a calming effect on the mind and body and is used in cases of frigidity and impotence. It has a wonderfully balancing and stimulating effect on the skin, to correct sebum production and is also used to stimulate hair growth.

Candelilla (Euphorbia Cerifera)

Candelilla wax is a natural vegetable wax. The plant is native to the Chihuahuan Desert of northern Mexico and western Texas, the wax is derived from the stems of the Candelilla plant. The wax occurs as the outer coating of the shrub which help the plant retain moisture. It is best known as the ingredient in chewing gum giving it its chew and ability to hold the flavor. It has superior molding properties making it a good casting wax. It is also used in many cosmetic applications when the product requires a good glide property

Cannabis sativa (hemp seed oil)

Cannabis sativa (hemp seed oil) is an oil derived from hemp seeds. It contains a high proportion of omega oils and is especially helpful in improving skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis and acne.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Semisynthetic compounds derived from coconut oil extracts, used as an emollient, moisturiser or emulsifier.

Caprylyl Glycol

Caprylyl Glycol is derived from coconut. It is used as moisturizing or wetting agent and for biological stabilization in cosmetics.

caprylyl/capryl glucoside

caprylyl/capryl glucoside is a non-ionic surfactant derived from vegetable origin. It is an ideal solubilizing agent for foaming products because it solubilizes essential oils, fragrances and preservatives but also boots foam volume. Its mild cleansing effect is interesting for the formulation of make up removers, especially lotion.

Carbomer

Carbomer ,or Carbopol,is used as a thickening agent and is very often found in gel-like formulas. There are no known side effects to this chemical compound.

Carrageenan

Carrageenan is a form of processed seaweed. It is made up of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium sulfate esters of galactose and 3,6-anhydrogalactose units. It is a wholly natural ingredient obtained from certain species of the red seaweed, class Rhodophyceae

Carrot Oil

Carrot OIl (daucus carota) - can help protect the skin from free-radical damage and promotes production of new cells. Excellent for dry and mature skins.

Castor Oil

Castor Oil - A hard and shiny oil found in most cosmetics that acts as a barrier agent and protective medium against harsh conditions and extremes. Very soothing to the skin when included in cosmetic applications.

Cedarwood oil

Cedarwood oil - cedrus atlantica

Celquat

Celquat is cotton cellulose, which is a natural cotton plant extract. Within cosmetics and toiletries it is used as a thickening agent.

Ceteareth - 12

This material is a mild but efficient emulsifier, which is used in lotions and creams to prevent the oil and water phases from separating.

Cetearyl Alcohol

This is not an 'alcohol' as we might think it, such as ethyl alcohol. It is an emulsifying wax, used as an emollient, moisturiser and emulsifier. It is a semisynthetic or synthetic compound

Cetearyl Glucoside

Cetearyl Glucoside is a compound of glucose and cetearyl alcohol. Cetearyl alcohol is an emulsifying wax.. It helps skin and hair retain natural moisture and imparts a velvety feeling.

Cetearyl Olivate

Cetearyl Olivate is an emulsifier derived from Olive Oil

cetearyl wheat bran glycoside

cetearyl wheat bran glycoside is an emulsifier, derived from wheat bran

cetearyl wheatstraw glycoside

This is an emulsifier (cream base) and is very safe, it has no known toxicity. It is a waxy substance resembling human sebum (oil on the skin) and of vegetable origin (wheat straw). It is extracted after the seed heads have been removed from the wheat stalks. It is extremely nourishing and protecting on the skin, and absorbs very well.

Ceteth-20

Ceteth-20 reduces the tacky feel of the product.

cetrimonium chloride

Cetrimonium chloride is used as a hair conditioner, it makes hair less prone to static electricity buildup by making it slightly conductive.

Cetyl Alcohol

This is not an 'alcohol' as we might think it, such as ethyl alcohol.This product is derived from vegetable fatty acids. It improves the stability and body of creams and lotions and gives emollient skin softness.

cetyl dimethicon

cetyl dimethicon is a silicone polymer that functions as a skin-conditioning agent.

Cetyl Hydroxyethylcellulose

Cetyl Hydroxyethylcellulose is used for its emulsion stabilizing properties, as well as an aqueous viscosity-increasing agent in cosmetics. It is classified under gums, hydrophilic colloids and derivatives.

cetyl peg/ppg-10/1 dimethicone

cetyl peg/ppg-10/1 dimethicone is a form of silicone that functions as a skin-conditioning agent and emulsifier.

Chamomile (Anthemis Nobilis)

Chamomile is adaisy like plant., the extract is usually produced from the white and yellow heads of the chamomile flowers. It has been clinically proven to be anti-inflammatory. Offers benefits such as soothing skin, calming eczema and allergic skin reactions. It is an excellent skin soother and anti-inflammatory agent. Reputed to bring down swelling and pain in the skin and mucous membranes. Chamomile is used extensively in professional skin care products for its essential oil called azulene. Also calms eczema and allergic reactions. It is used in many hair care products to enhance color. It has many actions within cosmetic preparations including, emollient, anti-inflammatory, skin soothing agent and provides antioxidation.

Chamomilla Recutita

This product has a soothing and skin caring effect and supports regeneration of the skin.It is extremely calming on irritated skin, and has a strong anti-inflammatory effect. It is an organic flower extract. From chamomile, a member of the daisy family.

Chamomilla Recutita Matricaria

Chamomilla Recutita Matricaria is an essential oil from the Chamomile flower. It is used for general skin care, especially where inflammation occurs, for instance with acne, skin irritation and other forms of rashes and skin complaints. It is also known to promote granulation and cell regeneration

Chitosan

From shellfish. It absorbs moisture, aids against body odour and may assist in reducing minor skin irritations caused by excess moisture or friction.

Chlorhexidine Digluconate

While Chlorhexidine's primary benefit is its tremendous ability to kill bacteria on contact, it has a residual effect that prevents microbial regrowth after application. It is often used in cosmetics.

Chlorophyllin-Copper Complex

Chlorophyllin-Copper Complex is used to provide colour. There is also revent research to suggest that a regular intake of chlorophyll or its derivatives may provide important cancer fighting factors that may play a role in the destruction of cancer cells or whether it is an effective preventive agent.

Chlorphenesin

Chlorphenesin is a preservative, and has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties.

Chondrus crispus

Seaweed extract

cinnamomum zeylanicum

cinnamomum zeylanicum is a spice useful for its ability as a natural preservative.

Citral

Citral is also known as geranial (citral a) or neral (citral b). It occurs in the volatile oils of lemon grass, lemon, orange, limetta, and pimento. It is one of the main characteristic flavours in the citrus family. It is used to impart fragrance to products.

Citric Acid

is a weak organic acid found in citrus fruits. It is a good, natural preservative and is also used to add an acidic (sour) taste to foods and soft drinks. In biochemistry, it is important as an intermediate in the citric acid cycle and therefore occurs in the metabolism of almost all living things. It also serves as an environmentally friendly cleaning agent and acts as an antioxidant.

Citric acid Monohydrate

This product is non-toxic and has a low reactivity. It is chemically stable if stored at ambient temperatures.It is aform of citric acid and therefore organic in its origins. It is fully biodegradable and can be disposed of with regular waste or sewage

Citronellol

A naturally occurring compound which is easily produced artificially. Used as an additive or fragrance. It is refreshing and uplifting.

Citrus aurantifolia (lime)

Citrus aurantifolia - the lime. essential oil produced from the plant. The essential oil has antiseptic, antiscorbutic, and astringent properties.

Citrus Limon (lemon oil)

Citrus Limon (lemon oil)

citrus medica limonum (lemon peel extract)

citrus medica limonum (lemon peel extract) is obtained from the fresh peel of the lemon. Lemon oil acts as an antibiotic, an astringent, an antiseptic It is very beneficial to the circulatory system and helpful with cellulite and aids with blood flow.

Cl 42090

Blue dye. Synthetic dye - various salts of ammonium, sodium and aluminum,

Clematis extract

Clematis Extract - Acts as a decongestant and has a dynamic effect on the blood. Stimulates circulation and reduces water retention

Cocamide DEA

Made from fatty acids in coconut oils, reacted with diethanolamine, or its mono- or tri- ethanolamine relatives. Cocamide ethanolamines are used as foaming agents in shampoos and bath products, and as emulsifying agents in cosmetics. May be contaminated with impurities linked to cancer or other significant health problems. May form carcinogenic compounds called nitrosamines on the skin or in the body after absorption

Cocamidopropyl betaine

Cocamidopropyl Betaine is a coconut oil, alcohol and betaine compound. It does not irritate the skin or mucous membranes. It is used to thicken shampoos, and to reduce the irritation that would result if only more irritating detergents were used. It has antibiotic effects, and is a good foam booster and cleansing agent.

Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine

Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultain is a mild plant-derived amphoteric surfactant. Used as a hairco/skin conditioning agent.

Coco Glucoside

Anionic surfactant, very mild and skin-friendly, derived from coconut oil and fruit sugar. In hair care products it smooths hair structure to improve manageability

Cocoa Butter

Cocoa Butter - A solid fat from the roasted seeds of Theobroma Cacao. Melts at body temperature. Adds rich, creamy, thick consistency and a mild fragrance to lotions, soaps, creams etc. A great emollient that is popularly used to add flexibility to the skin and a soothing sensation to your products.

Cocodiethanolamide

Synthetic product, derived from coconuts

Coconut Oil - cocos nucifera

Coconut Oil - This is a great oil for general moisturizing and serves as a protective layer, helping to retain the moisture in your skin. It also acts as a mild oil suitable for those with inflamed and irritated skin, and those with skin sensitivities. Coconut oil is without a doubt, the number one lather-producing agent used in soaps. And is the first choice for most people in the cosmetics and soap industry

Commiphora myrrha

Myrrh extract

Coriandrum sativum

Coriander extract

Cornstarch

Cornstarch is widely used in the cosmetic industry as a safe alternative to talcum in body powders.

Coumarin

Coumarin is a naturally occuring organic compound having the characteristic odour of new-mown hay,. It derives from the tonka tree (native to Guyana). It is used to fragrance products

Crystal

A naturally occuring crystal stone, shaped to produce crystal deodorants

Cucumis Sativus

Derived from cucumber, it gives skin a cool soothing feeling. Is is a mild astringent, can aid in alleviating inflammations and irritations of the skin.

Cyclomethicone

Cyclomethicone is used as an antistatic agent, moisturiser, humectant, solvent and viscosity adjuster. It is a silicone compound used to reduce the greasy feel of cosmetics.

Cyclopentasiloxane

Cyclopentasiloxane is a colorless, ordorless, transparent, nongreasy silicone fluid. It is used in a variety of cosmetic products, as a hair conditioning agent, a skin emollient or a solvent. Studies indicate that cyclopentasiloxane is not irritating to the skin and is not readily absorbed through the skin.

D-Limonene

D-Limonene is extracted from the oil of citrus fruit rind. It is used to give an orange fragrance to products.

Daucus Carota Sativa (carrot) root extract

Carrot root extract. Can help protect the skin from free-radical damage and promotes production of new cells. Excellent for dry and mature skins.

DEA-Lauryl Sulfate

DEA is diethanolamine, a chemical that is used as a wetting agent in shampoos, lotions, creams and other cosmetics. DEA is used widely because it provides a rich lather in shampoos and keeps a favorable consistency in lotions and creams. This ingredient is a surfactants (wetting agent which produce foams in cleansing products) it may remove some of the skin's or hair's natural oils.

Decyl Glucose

Compound derived from glucose (a natural sugar). Used as a surfactant. It provides foam in hair and facial cleansers.

Decyl Glucoside

An extract from cocnut oil, palm kernel oil and glucose, with exceptional foaming power. Non-toxic, Non-irritating and will not block the pores.

Dehydroacetic acid

Synthetic compound, used as a preservative

Dextrin

Dextrin is formed from corn starch, and is used as a thickener and bining agent

Diazolidinyl Urea

diazolidinyl urea. This chemical may be toxic. It could be a by-product of manufacture rather than an added ingredient and can be found particularly in cheap imported brands ? especially shampoo and conditioner.

Dihydroxyacetone

Dihydroxyacetone is derived from plant sources such as sugar beets and sugar cane, by the fermentation of glycerin. It is primarily used as an ingredient in sunless tanning products.

Dihydroxypropyl PEG-5 Linoleammonium chloride

Dihydroxypropyl PEG-5 Linoleammonium chloride is a mild, soya based liquid used as a foaming and conditioning agent.

Dimethicone

It improves the feel and absorption of lotions. It forms a barrier layer on the skin which must be renewed as the skin sloughs off. Dimethicones coat the surface of the hair and lubricate it, improving combing providing detangling.

Dimethicone Copolyol

Dimethicone copolyol can be derived in part from almonds (Prunus dulcis), avocados (Persea americana), beeswax, cocoa (Theobroma cacao) butter, olives (Olea europaea), phthalates or shea (Butyrospermum parkii) butter.This is derived in part from rubber, so if you are allergic to rubber or latex it is wise to avoid products containing this ingredient.

Dioctyl Adipate

Dioctyl Adipate is a light colored, oily liquid generally used as a plasticizer to give pliability to products, and to form a film, so helping it to spread well.

dipteryx odorata (tonka bean)

dipteryx odorata (tonka bean) has a sweet heavy aroma and is used as a natural ingredient in fragrance formulation

Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate

Extremely mild amphoteric substance, does not strip skin and hair of their needed oils. Recommended for sensitive skin facial products.

Disodium EDTA

Disodium EDTA is a chelating agent and a viscosity adjuster. The function of a chelating compound is to prevent ingredients from binding to any trace elements that may be present, resulting in a more stable product. EDTA stands for ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid.

Disodium laureth sulfosuccinate

Anionic Surfactants Anionic refers to the negative charge these surfactants have. They may be contaminated with nitrosamines, which are carcinogenic. Surfactants can pose serious health threats. They are used in 90% of personal-care products that foam

Disodium Lauroamphodiacetate

Disodium Lauroamphodiacetate is a surfactant, used for skin cleansing

DM hydantoin

DM hydantoin. This chemical may be toxic. It can be a by-product of manufacture rather than an added ingredient and can be found particularly in cheap imported brands ? especially shampoo and conditioner.

Dried Goats Milk

Dried Goats Milk - organic, help to make the product creamier.

Dulcis (Sweet Almond) oil

It is a great emollient for softening and conditioning the skin. It is well suited for eczema, psoriasis and itchy, dry and inflamed skin. It is rich in essential fatty acids and vitamins A, B1, B2, B6 and E. Sweet almond oil is light and penetrates easily making it a great massage oil or after bath oil. Use it in creams, lotions, lotion bars, balms, scrubs, massage oils and soap.

Echinacea Purpurea

Cornflower extract. It is anti-inflammatory and calming, soothing on the skin and will act as an antioxident.

Elaeis Guineensis

elais guineensis or Red Palm Oil is the oil from the Dura oil palm fruit . This beautiful red oil is very high in vitamin A and other antioxidants.

Emollient

Emollients are liquid substances which help prevent drying of the skin by providing a barrier to trans-epidermal water loss.

Emulsifier

Emulsifiers modify the interface between water and oils, allowing tiny blobs of oils and waxes (micelles) to float freely in water (or vice versa) without merging together and separating out.

Emulsifying Wax

Also known as Polawax. It is plant based, and is used to allow oil and water to mix. An emulsifier is a chemical compound that joins oil and water and forms a stable mixture called an emulsion.

ensulizole

ensulizole is a sunscreen agent that protects primarily against the sun�s UVB rays. It is water-soluble, and so has the characteristic of feeling relatively light on skin; thus, it is often used in sunscreen lotions or moisturizers whose aesthetic goal is a non-greasy finish.

Essential OIl - Rosemary

Essentiil oil produced from rosemary plant

Essential Oil Blend - lemon and tea tree

A blend of essential oils, both used for their healing and antiseptic properties

Essential Oils

Oils produced from plants to produce strong essences. The use of essential oils in a cosmetic will have an antiseptic and antimicrobial action, as well as a healing and soothing effect on the skin. Essential oils help the skin and hair detoxify, drain, heal and regenerate. Essential Oils are readily absorbed through the skin and hair follicles and carried to all parts of the body, having an effect, which can last from a few hours to a few days.

Ethoxydiglycol

Ethoxydiglycol can be used as used as a cosmetic solvent, emulsifier, or plastizier.

Ethyl alcohol

A natural source preservative that may be used in creams, and room sprays. In shampoos and body washes it may be too drying. If your formula contains 15-20% alcohol you need no other preservative. Although drying may be a side effect externally. it has no known toxicity and does not irritate the skin. This form of alcohol should never be taken internally

Ethylene Brassylate

This is a colourless liquid with a strong musky odour.

Ethylhexyl Palmitate

Ethylhexyl Palmitate is a plant-based emollient ester (helps to retain moisture). It provides slip and lubricity to skin preparations and is a good anti-tack agent in antiperspirants, creams and lotions

Ethylhexylglycerin

This is a natural preservative, used as an alternative to parabensproduct.

Ethylparaben

Ethyl Paraben: Used as an inhibitor of microbial growth and to extend shelf life of products. This comes from the combination of denatured wood alcohol and benzoic acid. Benzoic acid occurs naturally in cherry bark, raspberries, tea, anise and cassia bark. It is one of the most commonly used preservative in cosmetics since it is stable at most pH levels, it is broad spectrum and water soluble. May cause those with a skin sensitivity problems.

Eucalyptus globulus

eucalyptus extract, can help to deodorise

Eugenol

Eugenol is derived from clove oil and is used to fragrance products.

Evening Primrose Oil

Evening Primrose Oil - it is excellent on irritated skin.

Eye Bright Herb

Eye Bright has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties.

Farnesol

Farnesol is a naturally occuring hydrocarbon found in bitter orange, ginger, jasmine, hops, beets and juniper. It can help smooth wrinkles; normalize sebum (sweat) secretion; and increase the skin?s elasticity, tissue tension, and moisture-binding capacity.

FD & C Yellow No 5

FD & C Yellow No 5 is an anionic, hydrophilic azo dye with an orange-yellow color used in fabrics, foods and cosmetics, and as a biological stain

Flavour

Flavour derived from wholly natural sources

Flax Extract

Flax extract - used for its soothing and calming properties. It contains D-glucronic and D-zylose which are excellent for healing.

Foeniculum Vulgare Essential oil

Foeniculum Vulgare - is the common fennel plant, and its oil is often used in perfumes and fragrances.

Fragrance

Ingredients to impart a pleasant smell to the product (unspecified)

Frankincense Oil

Frankincense Oil - this is a healing oil, and is balancing on mature complexions.

Fructose

Fructose is a simple sugar found in many foods and one of the three most important blood sugars along with glucose and galactose. Honey, tree fruits, berries, melons, and some root vegetables such as: beets, sweet potatoes, parsnips and onions, contain fructose; usually in combination with sucrose and glucose. Fructose is also derived from the digestion of sucrose.

Fucus Vesiculosus

Fucus vesiculosus - is a seaweed, which provides iodine to help promote the purifying effects of seaweed. Used as a powder in facial products especially facemasks and body wraps.

Geraniol

A naturally occurring fragrant compound found in many essential oils, including geranium oil, that can be prepared synthetically

Ginseng Extract

Extract produced form the ginseng plant

Glucose

Glucose is a simple sugar found naturally in most living plants.

Glucose Oxidase

Glucose Oxidase is found in honey and acts as a natural preservative.

Glycerin

Glycerin is a humectant, meaning it attracts moisture to your skin. Glycerin is a natural by-product of the soapmaking process derived from plants.

Glyceryl Monostearate

This product is a non-ionic surfactant that is used to disperse and emulsify. It is very useful for oil in water emulsions, such as lotions, conditioners and cream rinses. It is a natural emulsifying agent. It is prepared from glycerine and stearic acid. It is oil soluble, but poorly soluble in water. Water in oil emulsions are desirable because they are similar to the natural conditions in the skin.

Glyceryl oleate

fatty acid monoglyceride glyceryl oleate from sunflower oil

Glyceryl Polyacrylate

A plant based gel, used as it will alter the skins chemical structure allowing other products to penetrate more deeply.

Glyceryl Stearate

A compound consisting of glycerine and fatty acids and either sodium stearate or potassium stearate. It is an excellent plant-derived self-emulsifying solid emollient

Glycine

An amino acid that constitutes up to 35% of collagen.

Glycine Soja

Soybean oil, used as an emollient or moisturiser.

Glycol Distearate

This product is a premium quality fatty acid ester, having applications in shampoos, cosmetics, creams and ointments. It is used as a pearling as well as an opacifying and emulsifying agent. The product imparts an attractive appearance to the product in which it is used .When cooled to room temperature , the product will exhibit a beautiful pearling effect .

Glycol Stearate

Glycol Stearate is an emollient and an emulsifier used in lotions and shampoos to achieve a pearling effect

Gnaphallum Leontopodium

Edelweiss extract

Grapefruit Extract

Citrus grandis - grapefruit oil.

Grapefruit Oil

Grapefruit oil - this is an uplifting and reviving oil that is soothing and toning on the skin, scalp and hair. It is known to aid lymphatic circulation, which helps to remove cellular waste from the skin and body.

Grapefruit Seed Extract

Extract from grapefruit seeds - is used for its antibacterial and antioxident properties. used as a natural preservative

Grapeseed Oil

Grapeseed Oil - is a vegetable oil pressed from the seeds of various varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes. It is used for: salad dressings, marinades, deep frying, flavored oils, baking, massage oil, sunburn repair lotion, hair products, body hygiene creams, lip balm and hand creams. It is a useful oil for cosmetices as grape seeds contain a lower percentage of oil as compared to other oil-producing seeds, nuts, or beans.

Guar Gum

Guar Gum - acts as a thickener. It comes from the endosperm of the seed of the legume plant Cyamopsis tetragonolobus. It has many uses and can be found in ice-cream and other food-stuffs as well as cosmetics.

Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride

Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride is a Cationic Surfactant (cleaning chemical) derived from chemically modified guar gum.

Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel)

Witch hazel extract

helianthus officinalis (sunflower oil)

Sunflower oil

Hemp Seed Oil (cannabis sativa)

This oil has superb properties for cleansing and moisturizing the skin.

Herbal Infusion - Chamomile and Lime Blossom

An infusion of chamomile and lime blossom

Herbal Infusion - Horsetail, Marigold and Aloe Vera Gel

An infusion of horsetail, marigold and aloe vera gel

Hexyl Cinnamal,

Hexyl Cinnamal, -is found naturally in the essential oil of chamomile, used to scent cosmetic products

hexyl laurate

hexyl laurate is a skin conditioning emollient, solvent, and viscosity agent used to thicken beauty products and cosmetics. Because of its somewhat fruity flavor, it is often used in lipsticks and lip products. It is an ester made when hexyl alcohol and lauric acid are combined

hoheria populnea (new zealand houhere extract - lacebark)

hoheria populnea (new zealand houhere extract - lacebark), helps to soothe irritated or inflamed skin.

Homosalate

Homosalate is an organic compound used in some sunscreens. It is an ester formed from salicylic acid . it is used as a chemical UV filter.

Honey

It has a healing effect, is antiseptic and moisturizing. Consists primarily of fructose and dextrose, simple naturally occuring sugars.

Honey Extract L-Lactic Acid

Honey extract aids cell renewal, and can be effective on wrinkles assisting with skin firmness. It is derived from honey.

Hops

Hops - Hops are the female flower clusters (commonly called seed cones or strobiles), of a hop species, Humulus lupulus.Hops are also used in herbal medecine, as a treatment for anxiety, restlessness, and insomnia. A pillow filled with hops is a popular folk remedy for sleeplessness. Scientists have found that a substance in hops called lupulin acts as a natural sedative to help you to sleep.

Horsetail Extract

Horsetail Extract - Conditions, reduces oil production, refines pores, produces new elastin and collagen fibers, moisturizes and firms the skin.

Humectant

Humectants attract water from their surroundings. In dry conditions, they can draw moisture away from the skin. They are used in cosmetics to prevent the product drying out.

Humulus Lupulus

Hop extract

Hybrid Sunflower (Helianthus Annus) Oil

Hybrid Sunflower (Helianthus Annus) Oil - used as an emollient (helps increase the moisture content of the skin)

hydrastis canadensis (golden seal root extract)

hydrastis canadensis (golden seal root extract) contains an alkaloid - berberine which is effective against protozoa, bacteria and fungi. used in cosmetic formulations as a natural preservative.

Hydrated Silica

Silica is a naturally occuring mineral, and is used as an abrasive. In its hydrated form it is an odorless, tasteless white gelatinous substance. It may also be called amorphous silicon dioxide, silicic acid, or silica gel

Hydrogenated Castor Oil

Castor oil chemically modified by hydrogenation which has the effect of making oils more solid. It can be used as an emollient, moisturiser, emulsifier, surfactant or viscosity adjuster.

Hydrogenated Jojoba Oil

Jojoab oil modified by hydrogenation, makes the oil more solid. Jojoba Oil is very similar to the natural oil our skin produces, though it is technically a liquid wax produced from the seed of the Jojoba simmondsia chinensis shrub. Usually, it is pressed but can be solvent extracted. Jojoba Oil is naturally moisturizing, healing, and beneficial for all skin types, it is also an excellent scalp treatment.

Hydrogenated Lecithin

Lecithin, a natural lipid, chemically modified by hydrogenation which has the effect of making oils more solid. Used as an emulsifier.

Hydrogenated Palm Glycerides Citrate

Modified palm kernel fat, used to give consistency. Has lightly emulsifying properties, acts as an emulsifying agent

Hydrogenated Polyisobutene

Hydrogenated Polyisobutene is a synthetic oil, ised as a mineral oil substitute. It is an excellent emollient & moisturizer, restores skin suppleness, prevents water loss (waterproofing agent), easily emulsifiable (allows oil and water to mix).

Hydrolized Oats

Oats broken down by enzymes or by treatment with acids or alkalis. Used as an antistatic agent.

Hydrolyzed Elastin

Hydrolyzed Elastin is derived from elastin, a flexible protein extracted from the skin of plants or animals. It helps the skin to maintain its natural elasticity.

Hydrolyzed wheat protein

Hydrolyzed wheat protein is a rich source of amino acids, used for reconstruction and conditioning of the hair. Enhances hair's ability to hold moisture

Hydroxycitronella

Hydroxycitronella - is a common scent ingredient; produced from naturally occurring scent chemical citronellal.

Hydroxyethyl actylate/Sodium acryloyldimethyltaurate copolymer

This is a thickening and emulsifying agent which is very easy to use in liquid form. It provides a sensation of freshness followed by a melting effect on contact with the skin. It leaves a feeling of velvety softness. Provides some antibacterial qualities

Hydroxyethyl Cellulose

Hydroxyethyl Cellulose is Aanaturally derived polymer that is used as a thickener in creams and lotions and helps modify viscosity and form gels with water-soluble ingredients. Helps protect the skin and gives the skin a certain feel. It is a nonionic, water-soluble polymer that can thicken, suspend, bind, emulsify, form films, stabilize, disperse, retain water, and provide protective colloid action.

Hypoallergenic Anhydrous Lanolin (Medilan) 1.0 %

Extracted from the wool of sheep, lanolin is a stiff creamy substance with emulsifying properties. In this form it has been highly purified and modified to help prevent allergic reactions. It is used as a skin-friendly emulsifier.

Imidazolidinyl Urea

Imidazolidinyl Urea. This chemical may be toxic. It may be a by-product of manufacture rather than an added ingredient and can be found particularly in cheap imported brands ? especially shampoo and conditioner.

Infusion of wild white rose petals

Rose petals have been steeped in liquid for some time to extract the essentil oils.

ingredient 1

ingredient 2

Inositol

A natural plant substance, also known as vitamin B8. Similar in structure to the carbohydrates, it is used in haircare products to regulate sebum flow on the scalp and remedy scalp inflammations. Used in skincare products to help prevent skin changes.

Isopropyl Myristate

Isopropyl: a very drying and irritating solvent and dehydrator that strips your skin's moisture and natural immune barrier, making you more vulnerable to bacteria, moulds and viruses. It is found in many skin and hair products, fragrance, antibacterial hand washes as well as shellac and antifreeze. A Consumer's Dictionary of Cosmetic Ingredients says it may cause headaches, flushing, dizziness, mental depression, nausea, vomiting, narcosis, anaesthesia, and coma. Fatal ingested dose is one ounce or less.

Isopropyl Palmitate

Isopropyl: a very drying and irritating solvent and dehydrator that strips your skin's moisture and natural immune barrier, making you more vulnerable to bacteria, moulds and viruses. It is found in many skin and hair products, fragrance, antibacterial hand washes as well as shellac and antifreeze. A Consumer's Dictionary of Cosmetic Ingredients says it may cause headaches, flushing, dizziness, mental depression, nausea, vomiting, narcosis, anaesthesia, and coma. Fatal ingested dose is one ounce or less.

Ivy Extract

Ivy extract firms body tissue by eliminating excess water to give skin a firmer, smoother appearance. Also improves microcirculation and is beneficial as a vessel constrictor.

Jasmine (jasminium officinale)

Jasmine (jasminium officinale) - essentuial oil made from jasmine flowers

Jojoba Esters

Jojoba esters are the hydrogenation product of Jojoba oil. Jojoba Esters are commonly used in cosmetic formulations as an emollient, due to its remarkable similarity to the natural oils produced by the human skin, and its high oxidative stability.

Jojoba Oil

Jojoba Oil is very similar to the natural oil our skin produces, though it is technically a liquid wax produced from the seed of the Jojoba simmondsia chinensis shrub. Usually, it is pressed but can be solvent extracted. Jojoba Oil is naturally moisturizing, healing, and beneficial for all skin types, it is also an excellent scalp treatment.

Juglans Regia (walnut seed oil)

Juglans Regia (walnut seed oil) is a useful oil, used for dry skin, dermatitis and eczema.

kaolin

Kaolin - halloysite clay

Kelp Extract

Used as an humectant, provides essential skin and hair nutrients, especially selenium and minerals.

keratin protein fraction

keratin protein fraction is derived from New Zealand wool. Keratins can be used to impart superior properties in skin, hair and nail care formulations.

Kumerahou Extract

Kumerahou - a plant known as Gumdiggers Soap. Extract used for natural cleansing

Lactic Acid

Lactic acid is a fermentation product of lactose (milk sugar); it is present in sour milk, koumiss, leban, yogurt, and cottage cheese. Chemically, lactic acid occurs as two optical isomers. The lactic acid of commerce is usually an optically inactive racemic mixture of the two isomers.

Lactoperoxidase

Lactoperoxidase is an enzyme extracted form cows milk, and is sued as a natural preservative and antimicrobial.

Laminaria Digitata

Laminaria Digitata - a seaweed with the common name of Lamouroux, it has large flat brown blades. Common around most of the British coastline, except the south and south-eastern coast of england.

Lanolin

A preparation of cholesterol and its Esters obtained from wool Fat. The lanolin is washed off the wool of living sheep, it is secreted by the sebacious glands to water-proof and protect the wool. It has many uses within cosmetics, as an antistatic agent, emulsifier, emollient, moisturiser, solvent or lubricant.. In the past many people thought they were allergic to lanolin; they were actually allergic to the detergent that was used to extract the lanolin from the wool. In recent years only mild detergent is used. Anhydrous lanolin refers to lanolin that does not contain water. It is protective to the skin and well tolerated by people with sensitive skin.

Lanolin Alcohol

Fatty alcohols extracted by distillation from lanolin, found in the fleece of sheep. It is used in many topical medications, cosmetics, and skin care products. It is a synthetic emollient. It is used for its moisturising properties

Lauramide DEA

Lauramide DEA - A mixture of ethanolamides of lauric acid. A high foaming surfactant for shampoos, bubblebaths, etc.

Lauramine Oxide

Lauramine Oxide is used as a foam enhancer, stabilizer and viscosity builder

Laurel Glucose Carboxylate

Also known as Lauryl Glucose Carboxylate or Sodium Lauryl Glucose Carboxylate. is a liquid surfactant that is suitable for various personal care cleansing applications, such as mild facial washes and special sulfate-free shampoos.

Laureth-7

Laureth-7is a synthetic compound obtained by the extensive chemical modification of lauric acid, a natural fatty acid, and oxirane (ethylene oxide). It is used as an emulsifier or surfactant.

Lauryl Glucoside

An extremely mild and safe surfactant derived from natural sugars and fatty acids. Glucosides are very good at cleansing and removing fats. They work best when used with a skin conditioner that replace the lipid layer on the skin that is stripped when washing. Derived from coconuts.

Laurylamidopropyl betaine

Laurylamidopropyl betaine is a synthetic, vegetable-derived liquid. It is a hair and skin conditioner, a mild surface-active agent (surfactant) and works well in shampoo, shower gel or any cleansing product.

lavandula angustifolia (lavender flower extract)

lavandula angustifolia (lavender flower extract) is used for its soothing and healing qualities.

Lavender Oil

Lavender Oil is antiseptic, soothing, healing and calming. Excellent for delicate skin. Also effective for skin disorders.

Lecithin

A phospholipid (a mono-glyceride fat attached to a phosphate) extracted from a wide range of animal and vegetable fats and oils, especially soybean oil. Used as an antistatic agent, emollient, moisturiser or emulsifier.

Lemon Juice

Also known as citric acid, used to regulate the acidity of the product.

Lemon Myrtle oil

Lemon Myrtle oil - it is a natural insecticide and repellent and has strong anti-bacterial properties.

Lemon Oil

Lemon Oil - is cleansing and healing for oily, problem skin conditions. It stimulates circulation so improving congested skin conditions.

Lemongrass oil

Essential oil made from lemongrass. It is a fresh smelling oil that can be used with success for fighting jet lag, cellulite, revitalizing a tired body and mind

Leptospermum Scoparium Mel (UMF? 16+ manuka honey)

Leptospermum Scoparium Mel (UMF? 16+ manuka honey) is a form of honey produced from the Manuka plant. this honey has been proven to have anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and antiseptic properties.

Light liquid paraffin Ph Eur 12.6 %

Another name for mineral oil, this is a petroleum by-product that coats the skin like plastic, clogging the pores.It can interfere with the skin's ability to eliminate toxins, promoting acne and other disorders. Slows down skin function and cell development, resulting in premature aging. Used in many products (baby oil is 100% mineral oil!)

Limnanthes Alba (meadowfoam oil)

Limnanthes Alba (meadowfoam oil) is oil derived from the meadowfoam plant. It has amazing moisturizing and rejuvenating capabilities and is very stable which means it can extend the shelf-life of the product. meadowfoam has the following characteristics, Moisturizes the skin Rejuvenates and adds shine to hair Ultra-violet protection (sunscreen applications) Non-greasy feeling, soaks into the skin easily Reduces wrinkles and signs of aging Blends well with other carrier oils Very stable, even under heat and air exposure Adheres well to the skin Binder, helps products retain their scent longer Stability extends product shelf life when combined with less stable ingredients

Limonene

Chemical used as a fragrance additive

Linalool

A natural fragrance chemical that is found in several fragrant oils such as lavender oil, bergamot oil and coriander oil. Used for its do-odorising properties and as an additive.

Lithanium Calcareum

Lithanium Calcareum - used as an ingredient in face masks

Lonicera Caprifolium - Honeysuckle flower extract

A lot of people have probably heard of this one since it?s a popular flower and well-used ingredient in many cosmetics. Honeysuckle has an anti-bacterial effect and is used primarily for this reason. We use two different types of Honeysuckle in our Natural Spray deodorants; Lonicera Caprifolium and Lonicera Japonica to combine with the Alum and effectively prevent odour-causing bacteria. Honeysuckle has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and is still used today to treat many ailments.

Lonicera Japonica - Honeysuckle flower extract

A lot of people have probably heard of this one since it?s a popular flower and well-used ingredient in many cosmetics. Honeysuckle has an anti-bacterial effect and is used primarily for this reason. We use two different types of Honeysuckle in our Natural Spray deodorants; Lonicera Caprifolium and Lonicera Japonica to combine with the Alum and effectively prevent odour-causing bacteria. Honeysuckle has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and is still used today to treat many ailments.

Lysolecithin

Various substances obtained by the hydrolysis (chemical digestion) of lecethin, a naturally occurring phospholipid.Used as an emulsifier.

Macademia Oil

Macademia oil - a highly nourishing and emollient oil, which absorbs into the skin readily. It is recommended for dry and mature skins.

macropiper excelsum (new zealand kawakawa extract - maori pepper)

macropiper excelsum (new zealand kawakawa extract - maori pepper) is a plant found everywhere along the coast in new Zealand. It is used as a skin antiseptic and for its astringent properties.

Magnesium Chloride

Naturally occuring salt.

Magnesium Nitrate

This is a colourless or white powder, it is a salt, but is a synthetically produced product for commerce.

Magnesium Sulfate

Also known as Epsom Salts, can be used as a thickener, and as a water softener.

Malva Sylvestris

Mallow extract

Manuka Honey

Honey produced by bees feeding from the flowers of the Manuka bush, renowned for its aniseptic and anitbacterial propertie. It is a humectant, maintaining moisture levels in the skin. It promotes tissue re-growth and reduces scarring.

Manuka Oil

Oil processed from the leaves of the Manuka bush, renowned for its antiseptic and antibacterial properties. Helps to maintain a healthy balanced skin.

Maris Sal

New Zealand sea salt.

Matricaria Extract

Extract from a plant of the mayweed or chamomile family

Meadowfoam oil

Meadowfoam is a plant whose seeds contain a good source of stable vegetable oil. The oil produced is moisturising and rejuvenating. It assists with lubricity and forms a protective barrier on the skin.

meadowsweet flower extract

Meadowsweet flower extract (spiraea ulmaria), used for skin conditioning as it has anti-inflammatory and astringent properties

Melaleuca Alternifolia 1%

Tea tree oil, is a valuable and beneficial essential oil. It is native to Australia. It has a mildly disinfectant effect and is effective for treating impurities and problem skin

Melissa Officinalis

Lemon Balm extract

Mentha Piperata

Mentha Piperata - peppermint essential oil. Has antimicrobial properties, it is cooling and anaesthetic when applied to the skin, increasing blood flow to the area over which it is applied. It may be used to relieve itching and inflammations.

Mentha Spicata

Mentha Spicata is an essentail oil obtained from the spearmint plant. It is used to flavoour and scent cosmetics.

Menthol

The main component in essential peppermint oil. Due to its cooling properties, menthol is used in bodycare products. Distinctive minty smell.

Methyl Gluceth-20

Methyl Gluceth-20 is produced from glucose and methyl alcohol. It is a versatile, gentle, effective humectant (water retention), emollient (allows oil and water to mix)and foaming agent. It imparts a smooth and gentle feel to the skin .

Methyl Hydroxybenzoate

Derived from hydrobenzoic acid, used as a preservative.

Methylchloroisothiazolinone

This is a preservative with antibacterial and antifungal effects, it is effective against bacteria, yeast and fungi.

Methyldibromoglutaronitrile

Formaldehyde-releasing preservative

Methyldiisopropylpropionamide

Methyl diisopropyl propionamide - often used in creams to help with healing and soothing of the skin.

Methylisothiazolinone

Preservative that should be used only in rinse-off products because it can be too irritating when left on skin.

Methylparaben

Methyl Paraben: Used as an inhibitor of microbial growth and to extend shelf life of products. This comes from the combination of denatured wood alcohol and benzoic acid. Benzoic acid occurs naturally in cherry bark, raspberries, tea, anise and cassia bark. It is one of the most commonly used preservative in cosmetics since it is stable at most pH levels, it is broad spectrum and water soluble. May cause those with a skin sensitivity problems.

Methylpropanediol

A glycol that functions as a solvent. Methylpropanediol can enhance the penetration of ingredients (such as salicylic acid) into the skin.

Mineral Oil

This is a petroleum by-product that coats the skin like plastic, clogging the pores.It can interfere with the skin's ability to eliminate toxins, promoting acne and other disorders. Slows down skin function and cell development, resulting in premature aging. Used in many products (baby oil is 100% mineral oil!)

MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane)

MSM, short for methylsulfonylmethane, is an organic form of sulfur, found in the tissues and fluids of all plants, animals and humans. It penetrates through the skin very rapidly and improves the health of that area where it is absorbed.

Myrtrimonium Bromide

This is not permitted in leave-on products and should only have a volume of 0.5% in rinse-off products.

Natural Loofah

Loofah - sponge family, harvested and then dried.

Natural Mica powder

Mica powder is a natural pigment derived from the mineral muscovite mica and is an off-white color. A low luster odorless powder which provides a fine shimmer and low lustre effects. Insoluble in liquids, it suspends best in thick bases such as vegetable oils, It can be blended with other pigments. It is lightweight so helps to hide the imperfections in skin, whilst boosting the skin's radiance.

Natural Mineral Salt

Natural mineral salts form a layer of natural protection from the bacteria that cause body odor.?

natural orange juice concentrate

natural orange juice concentrate - for flavour

Natural peach concentrate

Concentrate derived from organically grown peaches

Natural peach flavour

Flavour derived from organically grown peaches

Neroli essential oil

Neroli oil is produced from blossoms of the bitter orange tree and is a wonderful fragrence used in widely in the cosmetic industry. On the skin, neroli oil can help to regenerate skin cells and is a rejuvenating oil useful to prevent ugly scar tissue, promote a smoother skin, fighting stretch marks and broken capillaries.

Neutar Solubilised Coal Tar Extract 2%

Various purified compounds obtained by the dry distillation of tar. It is used as an anti-dandruff agent.

Niacinamide

Nicotine acid amide, vitamin PP. A component of the vitamin B2 complex. It regulates the skin?s metabolic processes, prevents seborrhoea and dandruff.

Non-ionic surfactant

A surface-active agent that has no electrical charge to it. Examples include Polysorbates and Polyglucosides. These can render formulations very mild.

octisalate

octisalates an organic compound used as an ingredient in sunscreens and cosmetics to absorb UVB rays from the sun. It is an ester formed by the condensation of a salicylic acid with 2-ethylhexanol.

Octocrylene

Octocrylene is an organic compound used as an ingredient in sunscreens and cosmetics. It is an ester formed by the condensation of a diphenylcyanoacrylate with 2-ethylhexanol. It is a viscous, oily liquid that is clear and colorless.

Octyl Hydroxystearate

Octyl Hydroxystearate - is manufactured from castor oil, and used as an emollien. It can be useful for use in dry skin or therapeutic products.

Octyl Palmitate

Octyl Palmitate is an emollient amplifying ester commonly used as a mineral oil replacement. It will increase the mositure retention properties of other ingerdients.

Octyl Stearate

Octyl Stearate is used as an emolient or moisturiser. It is derived from cascarilla bark and other natural items, it provides a barrier between skin and the elements, softening and smoothing the skin.

Olea europaea (olive oil)

Olive oil

Oleic Acid

An oleic acid ester which occurs in olives, almonds, rape. Does not make the skin greasy, is well absorbed and can be used as a vehicle for active ingredients.

Olive Oil

Olive Oil - Olive oil is by far the most universal oils used for a multitude of purposes including cosmetics, as a carrier oil, for hair care solutions, and in cooking. It has a rich, full bodied flavor with a strong aroma and is golden brown in color. Has a great conditioning effect in body care recipes and can be used in almost all applications because of its stable nature.

Orange Oil

Orange Oil - soothing on dry, irritated or problematic skin conditions. It stimulates circulation improving congested skins.

Origanum Marjorana (Marjoram Oil)

Marjoram oil is used for its calming and soothing properties.

origanum vulgare (oregano leaf extract)

origanum vulgare (oregano leaf extract) - is known to have anti-oxidant properties. and is also an effective antimicrobial agent.

Oryza Sativa (Rice) Starch

Oryza Sativa (Rice) Starch - Rice Powder is the refined starch from rice, known as Oryza Sativa. The powder of rice has been used for centuries in the ancient art of Ayurveda, a holistic healing practice. It is used as a poultice that soothes inflamed acne and skin ulcerations. It has been used by Asian women in their facial makeup and to wash their skin since the 16th century. It is considered an emollient rich skin treatment.

Ozokerite

Ozokerite is a natural mineral wax, originally derived from veins in sandstones. It provides hardness and consistency to cosmetic preparations.

panax ginseng (ginseng root extract)

panax ginseng (ginseng root extract), The active ingredients in Ginseng are a set of compounds called ginsenosides. These complex chemicals have a variety of effects, ranging from stimulation of the nervous system to reduction of blood sugar levels. The herb also has an antioxidant effect, stimulates the immune system, thins the blood, and reduces "bad" cholesterol levels. Ginseng is most commonly used for fatigue.

Panthenol

D-Panthenol, Provitamin B5. This is a stable form of panthothenic acid. It is essential for the skin to function normally. It promotes the regeneration of damaged or injured skin and binds moisture

Panthenyl Ethyl Ether

A semisynthetic compound derived from panthenol (pro-vitamin B5). It is used as an anti-static agent,

Parabens

Parabens and its derivatives, are used as inhibitors of microbial growth and to extend shelf life of products. An agent such as this is necessary to prevent infections. There are a number of different parabens, and you will often find two, three or more listed in the ingredients. Each form of parabens will prevent bacterial growth in differing quantities of an oil/water mix (which is part of all cosmetics). A product with no antibacterial ingredient will have a short shelf-life and need to be stored in a fridge.

Paraffinum Liquidum

Liquid hydrocarbons from petroleum. Can be used as an antistatic agent , emollient, moisturiser or solvent.

Parfum (essential oils)

A composition of essential oils which give products a pleasant and cosmetically acceptable scent. Every manufacturer will have their own 'recipe' for their parfum.

Parfum (fragrance)

A composition of natural and synthetic odours which give products a pleasant and cosmetically acceptable scent. Every manufacturer will have their own 'recipe' for their parfum.

Passiflora incarnata (passion flower extract)

Passion flower extract

PEG - 100 Stearate

PEG - 100 is Polyethylene glycol which is combined with stearic acid to form a water-soluble ester used as an emulsifier and emollient. It has a softening effect on the skin.

PEG - 120 Methyl Glucose dioleate

A synthetic polymer made from oxirane (ethylene oxide), glucose and fatty acids, used as an emulsifier. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG): potentially carcinogenic petroleum ingredient that can alter and reduce the skin's natural moisture factor. This could increase the appearance of aging and leave you more vulnerable to bacteria. Used in cleansers to dissolve oil and grease. It adjusts the melting point and thickens products. Also used in caustic spray-on oven cleaners.

PEG - 150 Distearate

PEG - 150 Distearate is used as a hair and skin conditioner. Can possibly be irritaing to acne-prone or sensitive skin as it can lead to blocked pores.

PEG - 20 Stearate

A synthetic polymer made from oxirane (ethylene oxide) and fatty acids, used as an emulsifier/humectant.surfactant. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG): potentially carcinogenic petroleum ingredient that can alter and reduce the skin's natural moisture factor. This could increase the appearance of aging and leave you more vulnerable to bacteria. Used in cleansers to dissolve oil and grease. It adjusts the melting point and thickens products. Also used in caustic spray-on oven cleaners.

PEG - 30 Lanolin

Used as an emulsifying agent. A synthetic polymer made from oxirane (ethylene oxide) and lanolin, used as an emulsifier. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG): potentially carcinogenic petroleum ingredient that can alter and reduce the skin's natural moisture factor. This could increase the appearance of aging and leave you more vulnerable to bacteria. Used in cleansers to dissolve oil and grease. It adjusts the melting point and thickens products.

PEG - 75 Lanolin

A synthetic polymer made from oxirane (ethylene oxide) and lanolin, used as an Emollient / Moisturiser / Emulsifier / Surfactant. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG): potentially carcinogenic petroleum ingredient that can alter and reduce the skin's natural moisture factor. This could increase the appearance of aging and leave you more vulnerable to bacteria. Used in cleansers to dissolve oil and grease. It adjusts the melting point and thickens products. Also used in caustic spray-on oven cleaners.

PEG - 80 Sorbitan Laurate

PEG - 80 Sorbitan Laurate is a mild surfactant (enables product to spread easily and evenly)

PEG-20 Methyl Glucose Sesquistearate

This belongs to a range of vegetable-derived ingredients which provide enhanced emolliency, improved emulsification, humectancy, moisturization and thickening to cosmetic products. Methyl glucoside derivatives are produced from natural, renewable sources. They can sometimes to minimize the irritation created by other formulation ingredients. PEG-20 Methyl Glucose Sesquistearate is used as an emulsifier.

peg-3 glyceryl cocoate

peg-3 glyceryl cocoate - used as an emulsifying emollient, derived from coconut

PEG-7 Glyceryl Cocoate

A synthetic polymer made from oxirane (ethylene oxide), glycerin and fatty acids obtained from coconut oil, used as an emulsifier/surfactant. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG): potentially carcinogenic petroleum ingredient that can alter and reduce the skin's natural moisture factor. This could increase the appearance of aging and leave you more vulnerable to bacteria. Used in cleansers to dissolve oil and grease. It adjusts the melting point and thickens products. Also used in caustic spray-on oven cleaners.

PEG-75 Stearate

PEG-75 Stearate is a basifying agent used in tanning products

PEG-8 Stearate

A synthetic polymer made from oxirane (ethylene oxide) and fatty acids, used as an Emulsifier / Humectant / Surfactant. Polyethylene Glycol (PEG): potentially carcinogenic petroleum ingredient that can alter and reduce the skin's natural moisture factor. This could increase the appearance of aging and leave you more vulnerable to bacteria. Used in cleansers to dissolve oil and grease. It adjusts the melting point and thickens products. Also used in caustic spray-on oven cleaners.

Pelargonium graveolens (rose geranium oil)

Rose geranium oil

Peppermint oil (mentha piperi)

Peppermint oil - mentha piperita

Petrolatum

Petrolatum: You will see this on lip products from time to time, which is amusing because they are usually advertised as protecting the lips from sunburn, chapping and so forth. Petrolatum is mineral oil jelly, and mineral oil causes problems when used on the skin photosensitivity (i.e., promotes sun damage), and it tends to interfere with the body's own natural moisturizing mechanism, leading to dry skin and chapping. Manufacturers use petrolatum because it is very cheap.

Phenoxyethanol

This substance is used as a solvent for fragrances. Occurs naturally in green tea and chicory. It has preservative properties.

Pogostemon Cablin / Patchouli Oil

Essential oil made from the patchouli plant. The value of this oil in skincare is incalculable. It is also great for fighting depression and anxiety. It has great diuretic properties and also helps break down cellulite, while stimulating the regeneration of skin cells, speeding up healing and preventing ugly scars forming when wounds heal.

Polyacrylamide

Polyacrylamide is a branched polymer of acrylamide. It is used to increase viscosity (make thicker) and as a water-binding or gelling agent.

Polyglyceryl-3 Caprate

Polyglyceryl-3 Caprate is used as a skin-conditioning agent - emollient; surfactant - emulsifying agent. PEG free, used as a thickening agent

Polyglyceryl-3 Polyricinoleate

A synthetic compound derived from glycerin and a fatty acid. Used as an emulsifier.

polyglyceryl-4 isostearate

Polyglyceryl-4 Isostearate is a plant-based emulsifier used in cosmetics and skin care products to stabilize formulas.

Polyhydroxystearic acid

Polyhydroxystearic acid is used as an emulsifier.

Polysorbate 60

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate. Stearate and sorbitol. A mild co-emulsifier that creates a stable emulsion when combined with Sorbitan Monostearate.

Polysorbate 80

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate. Composed of Stearate and sorbitol. A non-toxic, viscous oily liquid derived from oleic acid. Used to emulsify oils in water. May be used to make blooming (water dispersible bath oils). When the product is added to water it will disperse rather than float on top.

Potash Alum

Alum is an ingredient that features highly in all of our current range of deodorant. Alum has been used for many years, in the Far and Middle East, as a deodorant, astringent and basic antiperspirant. It is also used on cuts after shaving because of its styptic properties (stops bleeding and closes pores). Alum is used in our deodorants for its antibacterial properties, which helps to inhibit the growth of bacteria on the skin. It is the bacteria which causes the bad smell. Some people find it also performs a basic antiperspirant function, but others don?t and so we class it purely as a deodorant.

Potassium Alum

Potassium alum is a safe and effective alternative to aluminum. Alum, a class of mineral salts that includes potassium alum, aluminum ammonium and potassium sulfate, works by leaving a layer of salt on the skin to inhibit bacterial growth,

Potassium Cetyl Phoshate

Semisynthetic compound derived from a fatty acid.Used as a surfactant.

Potassium Sorbate

Potassium Sorbate is a mild preservative. It is the sodium salt of sorbic acid. It can be found in many food stuffs as well as cosmetics.

PPG - 15 Stearyl Ether

A synthetic compound derived from methyl oxirane (propylene oxide), a petroleum product and a fatty alcohol. Used as an emollient or moisturiser.

Propanediol

Propanediol is a skin-friendly, natural and petroleum-free glycol alternative for the cosmetics and personal care market.

Propyl Hydroxybenzoate

Derived from hydrobenzoic acid, used as a preservative.

Propylene Glycol

Propylene Glycol (PG) is a gaseous hydrocarbons, which in a liquid state act as surfactants (wetting agents and solvents), it is often derived from lactic acid, glucose or seaweed.It is used as a wetting agent and surfactant that gives a product better absorption and promotes spreading of the product on the skin. Originally derived from brown algae and since mixed with a few other goodies, the chemical has been used for almost a century in one form or another. Propylene Glycol is an emollient.

Propylene Glycol Stearate

A polyvalent alcohol. It acts as a humectant for the skin and is also used as a solvent for herbal extracts.

Propylparaben

Propylparaben occurs naturally and is found in many plants and some insects, although it is manufactured synthetically for use in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and foods. It is used for for its preserving action and preventing microbial growth in cosmetics. It is also known as Propyl-4-hydroxybenzoate, is widely used in cosmetics as a preservative against bacteria and fungus. Esters of p-Hydroxybenzoate prepared from p-bromophenol. Meaning that hydrogen gas was added under high pressure to a liquid oil in order to create semisolid fats. Hydroxybenzoate is from benzoic acid, which occurs naturally in cherry bark, raspberries, tea, anise and cassia bark. Propyl Paraben is neutral, nontoxic, safe to use, nonirritating, nonsensitizing and nonpoisonous. It is one of the most commonly used preservatives in cosmetics since it is stable in most pH levels, broad spectrum and water-soluble

Prumnopitys Taxifolia (New Zealand Matai Leaf Extract)

Prumnopitys Taxifolia (New Zealand Matai Leaf Extract), also known as the Black Pine, has antiseptic properties and can also strengthen skin capillaries.

Prunus Amygdalus

Sweet almond, the source of almond oil, traditionally used in skincare products. Also suitable for delicate baby skin. Ground almonds are used as a natural exfoliant

Prunus Armeniaca (apricot kernel oil)

Prunus Armeniaca (apricot kernel oil) is a fixed oil derived fomrm the friut of the apricot tree. It is high in natural Vitamin A and minerals. Apricot Kernel Oil has an excellent texture that is great for all skin types, but especially for prematurely aged skin and skin that is dry and irritated. It is also used for general softening and moisturizing of the skin.

Prunus Dulcis

Sweet almond oil, traditionally used in skincare products. Also suitable for delicate baby skin. Ground almonds are used as a natural exfoliant.

Purified water

Water which has been put through a purifying process

PVP/VA Copolymer

PVP/VA Copolymer A petroleum-derived chemical used in hairsprays, setting lotions and other cosmetics. It can be considered toxic, since particles may contribute to foreign bodies in the lungs of sensitive persons. Cancer suspect.

Quarternium-80

Quarternium-80 is a Vitamin E derivative. It is used as a conditioning agent, which can improve wet combing and imparts sheen to the hair. It can protect from the effects of blow drying and reduces blow drying time.

Quaternium 15

Quaternium 15. This chemical amy be toxic. It may be a by-product of manufacture rather than an added ingredient and can be found particularly in cheap imported brands ? especially shampoo and conditioner.

Retinyl Palmitate

Retinyl Palmitate is a derivative of Vitamin A. Vitamin A is useful in maintaining a healthy skin.

Rice Flour

Rice Flour is widely used in the cosmetic industry as a safe alternative to talcum in body powders.

ricinus Communis

Ricinus Communis is a vegetable oil obtained from the seeds of the Castor Oil plant.

Rosa centifolia oil

Essential oil made from rosa centifoloa (cabbage or provence rose). A highly scented rose cultivated since the middle ages.

Rosa Damascena

Rose damask oil extract - it has a calming effect on the skin.

Rose Absolute

An aromatic, volatile substance obtained by solvent extraction from rose. None of the solvent should remain after the process is complete, when absolutes may be used like essential oils. It has a calming effect on the skin.

Rose oil

Essential oil made from rose

Rosehip Oil

Rosehip Oil - a skin revitaliser, aiding cell regeneration, premature ageing and repairing damaged tissue.

Rosemary Extract

Rosemary Extract

Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary extract)

Rosemary Extract has potent antioxidant, antiseptic and antimicrobial abilities. The antioxidants in rosemary can help prevent aging in cells.

Saccharomyces ferment

Extract of yeast which has been fermented

Salicylic Acid

This acid occurs in many plants, particularly willow. It has an anti-microbial effect and is frequently used to treat impure problem skin. It has keratoplastic and keratolytic properties and belongs to the group of alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs).

Salvia officinalis

Sage extract, can help to deoderise

Salvia Sclarea (Clary Sage)

Salvia Sclarea - Clary Sage, this essential oil has many uses, within cosmetics it is used to help prevent dry skin

Sandlewood Oil

Sandlewood oil - Santalum Album

Sclerotium Gum

Sclerotium Gum - is used for its gelling and thickening qualities as an emulsion stabiliser.

Shea Butter

Shea Butter's oily qualities improve skin softness and suppleness which make it ideal for dry or sensitive skin care, winter sports products, and for body lotions and hand care products. In addition Ultrapure Shea Butter can be formulated into capillary preparations to prevent and treat scalp dryness, and provide good lubrication for the hair, resulting in improved brilliance and manageability. This raw unrefined butter is derived from the vegetable fat of the Karite Tree. This butter forms a breathable, water-resistant film and is the leading natural product for moisturizing. A wonderful base for cosmetic recipes or used as a stand alone application, this comes highly recommended for those concerned about naturally healthy skin

Silica

Silica is a natural product, commonly derived from the horsetail plant, but also found abundantly in sandstone, clay, and granite, as well as in parts of plants and animals. It is used as an absorbent powder and thickening agent.

Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) seed oil

Jojoba is taken from the seeds of the Jojoba tree and is a natural fluid wax. Jojoba mimics the skin?s sebum or natural oils, so can penetrate the skin rapidly to nourish and protect. It is known for its ability to heal inflamed skin, psoriasis, eczema, and any sort of dermatitis. Since excess sebum dissolves in jojoba it can help control acne, oily skin or scalp. As an antioxidant it may help extend the life of other oils. One of its naturally occuring components is an anti-inflammatory, Myristic Acid which can be helpful for rheumatism and arthritis. Jojoba seed oil acts as a moisturiser and emollient (helps to increase the mositure content of the skin) which can improve the skins elasticity and suppleness.

Simmonsis Chinensis

Jojoba seed oil

Sodium Benzoate

Sodium benzoate is used in acidic foods and products to control bacteria, mould, yeasts, and other microbes. It interferes with their ability to make energy. It is used both as a preservative and as an antiseptic.

Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate - also known as baking spoda, has been approved as a skin protectant. It is used to control the acid-base balance of cosmetic products, and as an deodorant agent.

sodium C14-16 olefin sulfonate

Used primarily as a detergent cleansing agent, usually derived from coconut. It produces copious foam.

Sodium Cetostearyl Sulphate

Semisynthetic compound derived from a fatty acid and sulphur trioxide. Used as a surfactant.

Sodium Chloride

Table salt. As a component of sea water, it is also present in many bath additives. It is used as an astringent, antiseptic, cleanser and to adjust viscosity.

Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate

Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate is the sodium salt derived from coconut oil. It is used as an amphoteric detergent as it makes a dense lather. It is mild on the skin, and non-drying.

Sodium Hyaluronate

Sodium Hyaluronate is used for its moisture retention properties and high viscosity. It is especialy useful for dry or scaly skin.

Sodium Hydroxide

Also known as Caustic Soda or Lye. Used to make soaps. Sodium Hydroxide + Fats or Oils = Soap. If the soap is make properly there is no sodium hydroxide left in the final product. The oils then become (for example Palm Oil) Sodium Palmitate or saponified oil of Palm.

Sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide - a by product of soap making, removed during processing

Sodium Lactate

Sodium salt of lactic acid, which belongs in the group of alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) (see Lactic Acid). It has strong water-binding properties and is present in NMF (see Sodium PCA).

Sodium laureth sulfate

A fairly high foaming surfactant. This is an anionic Surfactants Anionic refers to the negative charge these surfactants have. They may be contaminated with nitrosamines, which are carcinogenic. Surfactants can pose serious health threats. They are used in 90% of personal-care products that foam

Sodium Laureth-13 Carboxylate

Sodium Laureth-13 Carboxylate is an emulsifying surfactant, derived from coconut oil.

sodium lauroamphoacetate

It si derived from plants and used as a mild surfactant (cleansing agent) also used as a lather agent.

Sodium Lauryl Etyher Sulphate

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) & Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES): Detergents and surfactants that pose serious health threats. Used in car washes, garage floor cleaners and engine degreasers - and in 90% of personal-care products that foam. Young eyes may not develop properly if exposed to SLS because proteins are dissolved. SLS may also damage the skin's immune system by causing layers to separate and inflame. When combined with other chemicals, SLS can be transformed into nitrosamines, a potent class of carcinogens. Your body may retain the SLS for up to five days, during which time it may enter and maintain residual levels in the heart, liver, the lungs, and the brain. It is frequently disguised in pseudo-natural cosmetics with the parenthetic explanation ?comes from coconut?.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate is used as a denaturant (put peope off eating the product), an emulsifier (allows oil and water based ingredients to mix), and s surfactant (allows product to spread easily and evenly). It is a synthetic product derived from coconut oils

Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacetate

Also known as lauryl sulfoacetate sodium, is a member of the SULFONATE group. This is a cleansers which is skin friendly and has negligible irritancy. It are plant derived and performs well as a cleanser.

Sodium Palm Kernelate

Palm extract. A natural soap compound made from coconut oil and palm oil, extracted from the kernels of palm trees. Used as a surfactant.

Sodium PCA

The sodium salt of pyrrolidone carbonic acid, a compound with excellent water-binding properties. It is the main component in the skin?s natural moisturizing factors, which also include various amino acids, urea, lactic acid or its sodium salt, carbohydrates, various minerals, and several other components. Natural Moisturizing Factors (NMF) always refer to this or natural reproductions of this complex. For example, a combination of sodium PCA, sodium lactate, fuctose, serine, niacinamide, urea and inisitol is commonly used.

Sodium Phosphate

Sodium Phosphate is a naturally occuring salt

Sodium Saccharin

Sodium Saccharin is manufactured from on eo f the sodium salts, and is used as a sweetener. It is 500times sweeter than sugar so can be used in very small quantities

Sodium Stearate

Sodium stearate is one of the main compounds in common soap. It is an organic salt. Guaranteed VEGAN.

Sodium Trideceth Sulfate

Sodium Trideceth Sulfate is a sodium salt of sulfated ethoxylated tridecyl alcohol. An excellent wetting agent for shampoo preparations, as well as baby shampoos.

Soluble Collagen

Soluble Collagen is a natural product. It is used to help repair the skin, and help it to retain moisture naturally.

Solum Diatomeae

Solum diatomeae are unicellular organisms fossilized into silica mineral structures. A unique and exceptional pure freshwater deposit discovered in the Western Sierra Mountain range now provides micron-sized, amorphous (non-crystalline) structures that yield a lightweight, highly absorptive, and oxygen-rich powder that is an alternative to distomaceous earth, sericite, talc, clays, and starch.

Sorbic Acid

An acid that occurs in rowan; it has preservative properties. The human body breaks it down like a normal fatty acid.

Sorbitan Oleate

Emulsifiers and humectants, obtained from plant sources by mixing sorbitol and plant-derived fatty acids. Skin-friendly.

sorbitan olivate

sorbitan olivates is obtained from the original olive oil by esterification of the fatty acid groups and then combined with sorbitol and cetearyl alcohol. It is a non-ionic and mild emulsifier.

Sorbitol

Sorbitol is a humectant (prevents product drying out). It is derived from fruits, seaweed and algae, or it may be derived by the chemical reduction of glucose . There are no known side-effects.

Soyethyl Morpholinium Ethosulfate

Soyethyl Morpholinium Ethosulfate - is an ammonium salt. it is considered a natural or organic ingredient used in a variety of natural products, specifically in deodorants. It is classified as a emulsifier and anti-static agent. Soyethyl Morpholinium Ethosulfate is also used as a masking ingredient that has the ability to neutralize odors

Spirea extract

Spiraea Extract - Stimulates microcirculation

Spirulina Platensis

Spirulina is a genus of the phylum Cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria and classified as a blue-green algae. Spirulina is a rich source of protein. It also contains chlorophyll, carotenoids, minerals, gamma-linolenic acid (GLA).

Squalane

Squalane is a vegetable product, extracted from Olive Oil. It is known as a powerful moisturiser. It is clear and colorless. Research shows that Squalane not only moisturizes the skin, but also provides a barrier preventing water loss from the skin. It is an ideal ingredient in any cream, and especially for dry, chapped or scaly skin.

St John's Wort Oil

St John's Wort Oil - has healing properties on the skin, and will act as a vaso-constricor on dilated capillaries.

Stearalkonium Chloride

Stearalkonium Chloride is a cationic cuticular conditioning and cleansing ingredient. Provides good anti-static properties and softener. It is a synthetic chemical which acts as a conditioner that binds to the hair to leave it feeling soft and silky. It also enables the hair to be styled with more control, and reduces fly-away produced by static.

Steareth-20

This is a Polyethoxylated Alcohol, which is a fatty alcohol derived from natural oils and fats and is used as a cleaning, emulsifying and solubilizing surfactant. This means it binds oils and water together to form an emulsion and is essential in the manufacture of lotions and creams

Steareth-21

A semisynthetic detergent-like compound derived from the fatty acid, stearic acid, modified using ethylene oxide (oxirane). Used as an emollient or a surfactant

Steareth-4

A semisynthetic detergent-like compound derived from the fatty acid, stearic acid, modified using ethylene oxide (oxirane). Used as an emollient.

Stearic Acid

Palm source triple milled white flakes. A waxy natural fatty acid widely used in cosmetics and soap. Used to thicken creams and lotions.

Sucrose Cocoate

Sucrose cocoate is a natural soap derived from sugar beets and coconut oil. It is a cleansing agent and an emollient (an ingredient that helps to balance or maintain moisture levels).

Sunflower Oil

Sunflower OIl Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil expressed from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds. Sunflower oil is commonly used in cosmetic formulations as an emollient

sunfloweramidopropyl ethonium

sunfloweramidopropyl ethonium is used as a surfactant (allows product to spread evenly and act as a cleansing agent)

Surfactant

Surfactants are substances which clean by decreasing the surface tension of liquids, usually by having the property of being attracted to both water and oil.

Sweet Almond Oil

The sweet almond oil is obtained from the dried kernel of the sweet almond seed This oil has been traditionally used by massage therapists to lubricate the skin during a massage session, being considered by many to be an effective emollient. It is a mild, lightweight oil, rich in unsaturated fats and essential fatty acids which is easily absorbed into the skin. Used to make many natural skin care products, it is very high in omega-3.

Tapioca

A natural starch that helps to absorb oils and excess moisture

Tartaric Acid

This helps prevent the reabsorobtion of moisture

Tea Tree Oil

Oil produced from the tea tree plant, renowned for its antiseptic and antibacterial properties.

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate is a lipid (oil) solube form of vitamin C, and has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Tetrasodium EDTA

Also called Sodium edetate. This is a synthetic amino acid derived from a natural ingredient. Its primary use is to permit the removal of undesirable minerals from a combination of chemicals (chelating agent); if the minerals were in the product, it could grow mouldy etc. This chemical can also be used to soften water.

Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate

Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate is an emulsifier, and a water softener.

Theobroma cacao

Theobroma cacao or Cocoa butter is the oil from the seeds of the cacao tree , and is an excellent moisturizer. Cocoa butter also has antioxidant properties due to tocopherols as well as certain polyphenols that suppress free radicals and soothe skin irritation. It also has a lovely natural chocolate mocha scent.

thymus vulgaris (thyme extract)

thymus vulgaris (thyme extract) is a sweet smelling herb, which has been used traditionally for common winter aliments. It is a useful antimicrobial and astringent in products.

Tilla Cordata

Linden (Lime flower) extract, used for fragrance

Titanium dioxide

Titanium dioxide

Tocopherol

Natural source of vitamin E. An antioxidant that may improve your skins texture by helping maintain healthy moisture content.

Tocopheryl Acetate

Natural source of vitamin E. An antioxidant that may improve your skins texture by helping maintain healthy moisture content.

Tocopheryl succinate

Natural source of vitamin E. An antioxidant that may improve your skins texture by helping maintain healthy moisture content.

Totara Extract

Extract from the totara tree (whose wood was often used in maori wood carvings). It is a very strong antioxident, and is also a strong bactericide and fungicide, which stabilises formulations and helps to prevent moulds.

Triclosan

Triclosan: a synthetic ?antibacterial? ingredient - with a chemical structure similar to Agent Orange! The EPA registers it as a pesticide, giving it high scores as a risk to both human health and the environment. It is classified as a chlorophenol, a class of chemicals suspected of causing cancer in humans. Its manufacturing process may produce dioxin, a powerful hormone-disrupting chemical with toxic effects measured in the parts per trillion. Internally, it can lead to cold sweats, circulatory collapse, and convulsions. Stored in body fat, it can accumulate to toxic levels, damaging the liver, kidneys and lungs, and can cause paralysis, suppression of immune function, brain haemorrhages, and heart problems. It has a wide-spread use in popular antibacterial cleansers, tooth pastes and household products.

Triethanolamine

Triethylolamine: partly natural, partly synthetic chemicals used to build lather and thicken various cosmetic products. Also used in dishwashing detergents for grease-cutting ability. Can be drying to the hair, cause skin and scalp itching and allergic reactions. Have been declared carcinogens.

Trisodium EDTA

Powdered sodium salt. Used as a chelating agent

Triticum Vulgare

Wheatgerm oil.

Unicaria Tormentosa

Cats-claw extract

Urea

This is a substance that is found naturally in the skin, and is very attracted to water. It is used to help rehydrate dry, scaly skin. It can be used on its own as a moisturizer and skin protector

Usnea Barbata extract (Lichen)

Usnea Barbata is an extract from lichen. It is used for its antibacterial and antiinflammatory properties, and can provide a mossy note to the smell of a product.

Vanilla Planifolia (vanilla fruit oil)

Vanilla Planifolia (vanilla fruit oil) is often used to perfume products.

Vegetable Glycerin

An effective natural moisturizer at low concentrations; glycerin is a humectant, and at higher concentrations attracts moisture from the environment. Commonly used in skin creams, lotions, skin cleansers, as it helps to condition the skin, and give the product a smooth feel.

Vegetable Oil

Vegetable oil - Vegetable oils have many uses which include, a lathering agent for soap, and a binding medium for cosmetics. Vegetable oils used in these products are sourced from organic producers

Vitamin E

Also known as Tocopherol, Vitamin E is a major anti-oxidant nutrient that retards cellular aging due to oxidation; supplies oxygen to the blood which is then carried to the heart and other organs; thus alleviating fatigue; aids in bringing nourishment to cells; strengthens the capillary walls prevents the red blood cells from destructive poisons; prevents dissolves blood clots. It is used in many skin care products in small quantities, although it is not easily absorbed through the skin, and may provide little benefit. Can be used in formulations as part of the preservative system.

Vitis Vinefera (grape juice)

Vitis Vinefera (grape juice), grapes have long been known for their medicianl properties as well as wine-making. Grapes are used against skin and eye diseases as well as a variety of other infections

VP/Eicosene Copolymer

VP/Eicosene Copolymer is used as the water-proofing compound, allowing the product to be water resistant.

Water

Water. Sometimes listed as Aqua

Wheatgerm Oil

Wheatgerm Oil - rich in Vitamin E. It is an excellent emollient on dry and mature skins.

Wheatstraw Extract

Wheatstraw extract - used as the emulsifying base for oil in water emulsions.

White soft paraffin BP 14.5 %

Also known as white petroleum jelly. This is not an active ingredient as such, but works as a moisturiser by providing a layer of oil on the surface of the skin to prevent water evaporating from the skin surface. It produces a very greasy moisturiser.

Witch hazel

Also known as Hamamelis Virginiana.

Xanthan Gum

A food grade thickener and emulsifier. Forms gel when mixed with water. It gives a lovely feel to the skin and has a firming effect.

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium - yarrow. It can be used as a cleanser for greasy skin as it has mild antiseptic and atringent properties.

Yucca schidigera (yucca extract)

Yucca plant extract

Zea Mays (Corn) Starch

Zea Mays (Corn) Starch - Zea Mays is found in many skin care, anti-acne and anti-aging products. In addition to its absorption qualities, it contains high amounts of cell regenerating ingredients and anti-oxidants. Its smooth, silky and creamy texture makes it apply easily and give a translucent sheen to facial mineral veils and foundations. Its natural anti-inflammatory and infection resistance makes it a healing and clarifying additive to many skin care products, powders, lotions and creams

Zinc Oxide

Zinc Oxide is used in suncreams as it absorbs ultraviolet light. Zzinc oxide can be used in ointments, creams, and lotions to protect against sunburn. Zinc oxide occurs in nature as the mineral zincite.

Zinc Ricinoleate

Zinc ricinoleate. This is the zinc salt of ricinoleic acid, extracted from the seeds of the castor oil plant. Zinc ricinoleate does not inhibit normal perspiration, and will not interfere with the natural flora of the skin. Instead, it ?fixes? the odours produced by bacterial decomposition in sweat so that they cannot be released into the atmosphere and cause the characteristic sweaty smell.

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